Upper Canada, with its British and Protestant majority, was growing more rapidly than Lower Canada, with the French-Canadian and Catholic majority. It was hoped that by merging the two colonies, the French-Canadian cultural presence in North America would gradually disappear through assimilation.
Why did they unite Upper and Lower Canada?
Following the violent rebellions of 1837–38, Lord Durham was sent in 1838 to determine the causes of unrest. The solution he recommended in the Durham Report (1839) was to unify Upper and Lower Canada under one government. … It would also make it easier to introduce responsible government, which he advocated.
Why did Canada unite?
Confederation offered Britain an honourable way to ease its economic and military burden in North America. It would also give its BNA colonies strength through unity. The Dominion of Canada wasn’t born out of revolution, or a sweeping outburst of nationalism.
When did Lower and Upper Canada unite?
In 1840 the Act of Union united Upper and Lower Canada into one Province of Canada. It enabled a single legislative council to govern with crown assent. The Act ruled that the assembly should consist of an equal number of representatives from both provinces.
What were Lord Durham’s two recommendations?
Durham’s report made two main recommendations. It called for the unification of Upper and Lower Canada and the introduction of responsible government. The British Parliament implemented the first point but not the second.
What does Lower Canada become?
Lower Canada was a British colony from 1791 to 1840. Its geographical boundaries comprised the southern portion of present-day Quebec. … In 1841, Upper Canada and Lower Canada were renamed Canada West and Canada East, respectively. They were united as the single colony of the Province of Canada.
What was the outcome of the Lower Canada Rebellion?
The revolt in Lower Canada was more serious and violent than the rebellion in Upper Canada. However, both events inspired the pivotal Durham Report. It led to the Act of Union, which merged the two colonies into the Province of Canada. It also resulted in the introduction of responsible government.
Where is Upper Canada and Lower Canada?
Lower Canada covered the southeastern portion of the present-day province of Quebec, Canada, and (until 1809) the Labrador region of Newfoundland and Labrador. Upper Canada covered what is now the southern portion of the province of Ontario and the lands bordering Georgian Bay and Lake Superior.
How did Canada unify and become self governing?
Later in the year, another conference was held in Quebec, and in 1866 Canadian representatives traveled to London to meet with the British government. On July 1, 1867, with passage of the British North America Act, the Dominion of Canada was officially established as a self-governing entity within the British Empire.
What was the Union Government Canada?
It was formed in 1917 by MPs who supported the “Union government” formed by Sir Robert Borden during the First World War, who formed the government through the final years of the war, and was a proponent of conscription. It was opposed by the remaining Liberal MPs, who sat as the official opposition.
What proposal did Lord Durham make to solve the problems in Upper and Lower Canada?
To solve the problem, Durham proposed to unite Upper and Lower Canada, as the English party had previously suggested. By uniting the two Canadas, the English would become dominant and the French Canadians would become a minority.
What factors led to the rebellions in Upper Canada and Lower Canada in 1837 1838?
The Rebellions of 1837–1838 (French: Les rébellions de 1837), were two armed uprisings that took place in Lower and Upper Canada in 1837 and 1838. Both rebellions were motivated by frustrations with political reform.
What reforms did Lord Durham recommend for Canada?
Recommendations. Durham made two main recommendations: that Upper and Lower Canada be united into one province, and. the introduction of responsible government for all colonies in British North America.