Canada’s urban population is expected to reach between 36 and 42 million people by 2031, and a large share of this population will live in large cities. The growth of the urban population has led to air and water pollution, transportation gridlock, deteriorating infrastructure, crime and income polarization.
How did urbanization affect the society?
Threats. Intensive urban growth can lead to greater poverty, with local governments unable to provide services for all people. Concentrated energy use leads to greater air pollution with significant impact on human health. … Urban development can magnify the risk of environmental hazards such as flash flooding.
What effect did urbanization have?
Environmental Effects of Urbanization. Urban populations interact with their environment. Urban people change their environment through their consumption of food, energy, water, and land. And in turn, the polluted urban environment affects the health and quality of life of the urban population.
What can you tell about urbanization in Canada?
In 2019, 81.48 percent of the total population in Canada lived in cities. Canada is one of the largest countries in the world regarding land area, second behind Russia. … In 2014, almost 82 percent of Canada was urbanized, i.e. more than 80 percent of the Canadian population lived in cities.
What was the impact of industrialization on Canada?
Industrial wage economies drew immigrants and other Canadians to cities, where most industrial activity was centred (see Urbanization). During the Great Depression, the majority of Canada’s population became urban. The shift to a wage-dependent economy resulted in tremendous hardship during the depression.
How did urbanization affect families?
Initially, the societal shift from rural to urban alters rates of natural population increase. … As a result, families become smaller relatively quickly, not only because parents have fewer children on average, but also because the extended family typical of rural settings is much less common in urban areas.
How does urbanization affect the economy?
Urbanization permits external scale and scope economies, reduces transactions costs, and allows specialization among firms leading to low costs of production. (2004) report that doubling the size of cities can lead to an increase in productivity of some 3– 8%.
What are positive effects of urbanization?
Some of the positive implications of urbanization, therefore, include the creation of employment opportunities, technological and infrastructural advancements, improved transportation and communication, quality educational and medical facilities, and improved standards of living.
What are the negative effects of urbanization?
Negative Effects of Urbanization
- Housing Problems. An increase in the number of people within any area results in the problem of accommodation. …
- Overcrowding. …
- Unemployment. …
- Water Scarcity. …
- Sanitation Problems. …
- A rise in the crime rate.
Was urbanization good or bad?
Top 18 Urbanization Pros & Cons List
|Urbanization Pros||Urbanization Cons|
|Better Social Life||Unemployment|
|Better Healthcare Services||Cost of Living Is Higher|
|More Security and police availability||No Privacy|
|More Entertainment Options||Pollution|
What did urbanization cause?
Some of the major health problems resulting from urbanization include poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions and communicable diseases, poor sanitation and housing conditions, and related health conditions.
How does urban growth in Canada affect the environment?
Much of the land being converted to urban uses is prime agricultural land, but urbanization is also an important cause of deforestation and wetland destruction. Two thirds of Canada’s usable land has already been lost to over-farming and urban sprawl.
When did Canada become urbanized?
The urbanization of Canada is measured from several perspectives: the growth of urban population from 18 per cent of the total in 1871 to 47 per cent by 1921; the policies of private and government agencies, which stimulated industrialization in central Canada and tied the West and the Atlantic regions to central …